With the world being in the state that it's in, it's imperative that we all pitch in and do our part in trying to help make the world green again. We can do simple things to help that not only aid the green effort and save the air, even recycle garbage back into the ground. In this article we're going to show you how to build a composter and some of the benefits of using this to your home and pocket book.
Composting is the process whereby bacteria, fungi and many other micro organisms decompose food and other organic materials and create, through processes in the organisms body, nutrients you can use in the garden, grass, and more.
To the organisms, this is just normal food and their bodies (if you can call them that) process this food. These organisms create nutrient-rich waste (waste to them, useful material for us to keep our plant life thriving) that feeds the soil (stores it), then this gets used up later by plants and grass or anything that requires nutrients found in soil and compost heaps to survive and thrive.
The great thing about a composter is that you put in things you'd normally throw away and it all takes care of itself (it's a mini eco-system) while creating useful materials you can recycle instead of going out to the store to purchase them. You can put in organic materials such as leaves, grass clippings and food including parts you don't/can't eat, and this eco system gets to work right away! The end product is called compost and has many uses. Primarily it can restore damaged or overused soil returning it to new. It does this in much the same way vitamins help us to balance out our diet.
Composting is a natural process but we've found several very effective and efficient ways to speed up the process and recycle bio-matter back into the ground replenishing the nutrients that plants, grass, trees, herbs, and more take from it.
Now... how to build a composter:
First you will need a barrel or cylindrical holding container bin or tumbler where you will put all the bio-matter together. This barrel will need to be turned sideways and have several air holes drilled into its entire surface area. In the middle of the unit you need to cut out a small door (where you will insert the food, leaves, etc...). Make sure the door closes and has a latch or lock because you will be spinning this barrel consistently to mix the bio-matter around and give it ample opportunities to reach more food to decompose (the organisms).
You need to mount the barrel on a frame that will allow it to spin freely. Optimally you will want to have it set up with a gear so you can turn a lever to spin it. The more frequently you spin the composter and mix the contents, the faster it will compost. The process is essentially the organisms eating the waste and converting it into something else. In some composters you don't need to move it. You can create a dirt pile in the back yard and bury waste as you create it (banana peels, etc...) and get some red worms in there to help consume and convert it as well. You may want to put your pile into a container or wooden barrier so the worms don't escape.
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